Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation (CBC)



Motto: Sharing science with society


About the Center

The Center for Biodiversity and Conservation (CBC) was created under the Department of Biology, Umaru Musa Yaradua University, Katsina, Nigeria in 2018 to contribute its broad scientific and educational capabilities to the conservation of life in all its ramifications and the fundamental relationships existing in between.

Mission: To transform knowledge from various sources and perspectives across all areas of scientific research as well as traditional indigenous knowledge into conservation action.

Vision: To contribute its broad scientific and educational skills to the conservation of the vast diversity of life in all its forms and safeguard the environment for healthy living.

Our Aim

The aim of the centre is to serve as a platform for conservation of our threatened environment and indigenous biota through a qualitative biodiversity research, information sharing and inter-agency partnership.

Our Objectives                     

  1. To provide professional support on environmental and Biodiversity conservation.
  2. To offer professional training and certification on Biodiversity conservation.
  3. To serve as a repository and reference point for Botanical and Zoological genome conservation and research.

To offer linkage and sponsorship opportunities to prospective/interested researchers in the field of biodiversity and Conservation

What we do

Biodiversity conservation



Conservation Research


Conservation Training


Capacity building




Online resources

The CBC is running a project titled Katsina Flora https://www.inaturalist.org/projects/katsina-flora on www.inaturalist.org. The project integrates traditional taxonomic practices, ongoing citizen science initiatives, and digital-age herbarium curatorial skills. iNaturalist is an observation-based online tool that brings together professional and citizen scientists documenting biodiversity. The project already recorded success by documenting about 1410 observations in 117 species within short period of time.

Research Output

  • Bello A., Jamaladdeen S., Elder M.T., Yaradua S.S., Kankara S.S., Hassan N., Stirton C.H., & Muasya AM (2019). Threatened medicinal and economic plants of the Sudan Savanna in Katsina State, North western Nigeria. Bothalia. 49(1), a2325. https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v49i1.2325
  • Yaradua S.S., Alzahrani D.A., Bello A. (2019). Phylogenetic position of West African species of the genus Crotalaria (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae) based on the current infrageneric classification. Pakistan Journal of Botany 51(4), DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30848/PJB2019-4(37)
  • Stirton C.H., Bello A., Muasya AM (2018). Psoralea forbesiae (Psoraleeae, Fabaceae), a new species from the Swartberg Mountains of South Africa. PhytoKeys 99: 93–99. https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.99.24765
  • Bello A., Stirton C.H., Chimphango SBM, Muasya AM (2018). Morphological evidence for introgressive hybridization in the genus Psoralea (Psoraleeae, Fabaceae). South African Journal of Botany. In press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2018.02.407
  • Kankara S.S., Isah A.B., Bello A., Ahmed A. and Lawal U., (2018). Medicinal plants used for the management of hepatic ailments in Katsina State, Nigeria. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 12(24): 375-386. https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2018.6637

Contact us

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The Centre for Renewable Energy Research was established in May, 2008 at Umaru Musa Yar’adua University under the Vice-Chancellor’s Office. The Centre operates the following specialized Research Groups with membership from across the faculties of the University.

  • Solar Energy Research - Both thermal and photovoltaic (PV) Research.
  • Wind Energy Research - Horizontal and Vertical axis wind turbines.
  • Small Hydro Research - This intends to set up a 50kw demonstration unit at location, near the University.
  • Bio-fuel Research – use Jatropha (chin-dazugu) and Moringa (Zogale) oil for bodiesel production.
  • Energy Efficiency and Conservational Research – this is on how to operate conventional power systems more efficiently and other energy conservation methods.

However, with the abundance of renewable energy resources in Katsina State, the Petroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF) constructed and equipped Ibrahim Shehu Shema Centre for Renewable Energy Research which was commissioned by the Executive Governor of Katsina State, Barrister (Dr.) Ibrahim Shehu Shema on Tuesday 8th May, 2012.

As an up and coming Centre, the University’s Management sees the need to employ the manpower to kick start it activities and Dr. A.A. Mati on Sabbatical from Ahmadu Bello University Zaria was appointed as the Ag. Director.

Mission and Vision of the Centre

The Centre was established with the mandate of becoming one of the focal point in areas of Research and Development to harness the abundant renewable energy technologies in the State and partner with some of the more established Centres in areas of interest Nationally and Internationally.


Its mission is to provide functional research, development and training in Renewable Energy Technologies for sustainable development of Katsina State and Nigeria at large.


The Centre’s vision is to become a world class Centre for the development of Renewable Energy Technologies to meet Nigeria’s energy needs. It is also envisaged a centre of excellence in Research and Development in Renewable Energy Technologies for sustainable development.

Click here to View EU Project

Activities of the Centre

Since the Centre’s inception, it has grown from strength to strength and had engaged in areas of Research and Development. These activities can be traced back from 2008 when it was established.

National and International Collaboration

The first week of September 2012 saw the first International Conference on Renewable Energy in Nigeria which was hosted by the ISSCeRER, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Katsina with funding provided by the PTDF.

The conference was well attended with paper presentations from across many countries in North/West Africa the Americas and most renewable energy research institutes in Nigeria. Even the Nigerian Armed Forces was represented.

Academic activities

The academic activities concern mainly research and development (R&D) programs of the Centre. On this, two research activities have been initiated and they are still on-going. These are; A Model Solar PV/Wind Hybrid Power System for Off-grid Rural Areas in Katsina State and Energy-mix optimization involving mass injection of renewable energy sources in Katsina State. A brief description of these R&D activities is given below.

Model Solar PV/Wind Hybrid Power System for Off-grid Rural Areas in Katsina State

The research proposal for this activity has been developed and approved by the University research board for funding through TETFUND research grant. The research project seeks to harness the wind energy potential for optimizing lifespan and efficiency of conventional solar PV systems.

The project has the objectives of designing basic components of the hybrid system using simple low cost devices in order to reduce the cost associated with conventional solar PV/wind hybrid systems; and to incorporate appropriate electronic sensors and a micro-controller-based data logger for continuous storage of real-time data on wind speed, temperature and solar irradiance.

This research project has commenced and vital sections of the design have been achieved, namely, hybrid controller, inverter and the microprocessor data logger. Work is on-going for the completion of the project, testing and commissioning. If these objectives are achieved, the Centre would serve as data hub for the relevant weather data in the State and the Nation at large.

Energy-mix optimization involving mass injection of renewable energy sources in Katsina State

This research project was initiated with the objectives of bringing the various energy sources of the state into a modeling framework in order to evaluate the optimum energy-mix that should guaranty cheaper and reliable energy to the citizenry. The feasibility studies and evaluation would be based on technical and economic reliability of all available options.

This research project has commenced and vital Computer-Aided modeling and simulation environment of ‘MESSEAGE’ has been obtained and installed in the modeling and simulation laboratory.

Administrative Activities

The administrative activities carried out concerns mainly three areas namely, configuring and re-orienting the research laboratories, inauguration of the Centre’s Board and routine administrative duties. A brief description of these activities is provided below

Configuring the Centre’s Research Laboratories and Workshops

The purpose of the re-configuration of the laboratories was to bring together relevant facilities/equipment into the most suitable laboratory room so as to enhance effectiveness and efficiency of work to be carried out in the Laboratories. Hence the following laboratories were identified and appropriately designated.

Energy Modeling and Simulation Laboratory

Bio-fuel Laboratory

Bio-mass and biotech laboratory

Wind/hydro laboratory

Electronics and instrumentation Laboratory

Production Workshop

Welding and Fabrication workshop

Inauguration of the Centre’s Governing Board

The first task of putting proper management structure for the Centre was the inauguration of the Centres’ Governing Board on 17th January, 2014. At the inaugural meeting four basic areas were identified namely, proposed operational structure, Manpower and Capacity Building, Research and Development and Collaboration/Linkages.

The proposed operational structure was tailored to inspire a multi-disciplinary research approach in the Centre with the view to achieving its mandate. Three Technical Operational Departments were proposed and approved by the BOG namely, Renewable Energy Materials Research, Engineering and Instrumentation and Energy Planning and Utilization departments. The main research focus of each department was also presented and approved.

In addition, a proposal on the basic manpower and capacity building requirements to ‘kick-start’ the Centres’ R&D activities was presented along with the two pioneering R&D projects, which were also approved.

On collaboration and linkages, the BOG also approved linkages with Centre National D’ Energie Salaire, Niger Republic, Sokoto Energy Research Centre (SERC), Department of Forestry, Katsina Youth Craft Village and Ministry of Environment.

Special Projects and Services

In addition to the R&D activities reported, attempt has been made to go beyond the University in attracting research grants and to offer services. A brief description of some of these activities is provided below;

European Development Fund Research Grant

In an unprecedented effort to conduct Research and Development leading to rapid socio-economic development of the State and the Country at large, a proposal was submitted to the European Development Fund (EDF) for research grant on Farmer Managed Renewable Energy Production involving the improvement of fuel wood balance in some selected LGAs of Katsina State. The proposal has been approved by the European Union which involves €3.5 million to be executed in 4 years.

Training Maintenance and Operation of Solar Street lights

A proposal to undertake the above mentioned training has been submitted to the Local Government Service Commission of Katsina State for consideration. The proposal has been accepted and is awaiting the availability of funds for commencement.

In the same vein, proposals for collaboration with many relevant Government Agencies in Katsina State to render services have been put forward before MDG office, Service to Humanity NGO and SUBEB. This was contemplated in order to strengthened community-based approach to research and development in the Centre and the University in General.



The School of Pre-degree and Remedial Studies of Umaru Musa Yar’adua University Katsina, started operation in the year 2012 with Remedial Studies programme only. By the year 2013 IJMBE Programme started and by 2014 Pre-degree programme was started. Still in the year 2014, Remedial Studies programme commenced. That meant by the year 2014, three programmes were run by the School.

The purpose of the School was to prepare students pass their SSCE O’level, UTME and Advance level IJMBE examinations to enable them gain admission in to 100 or 200 levels accordingly in to any Nigerian tertiary Institution of their choices.


  • Prepare students towards UTME and IJMBE examinations so as to pass and gain admission in to any chosen tertiary institution in Nigeria.
  • Prepare students to remedy their ‘O’ level deficiencies.
  • Prepare students with technical expertise on National Examinations conducted by WAEC, NECO, NABTEB and IJMBE.






The School currently runs only Pre-degree programme for a period of 2 semesters per session. Candidates applying for the programme must possess at least 3 credits in Science subjects and any two passes at ‘O’ level in the other subjects offered in the school.


  • Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics.
  • Biology, Chemistry, Physics.
  • Biology, Physics, Mathematics.
  • Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics.

The Subjects offered in the School are:

  • English
  • Mathematics
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics

Candidates admitted for the Pre-degree studies must register and pass, at credit level, the WAEC, NECO, or NABTEB examinations in the subjects they are deficient.

Candidates must also register for the current year’s UTME and obtain the minimum pass mark approved by JAMB and must choose UMYU Katsina as their first choice.

The Pre-degree programme studies duration is one year of 2 semesters.


To graduate, students of Pre-degree studies must pass all their subjects of study at the school, their ‘O’ level deficiencies and their UTME examinations as per the National cut-off points approved by JAMB.


The Entrepreneurship Study Centre (ESC), Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, under the Vice Chancellor’s (VC) office is an academic arm vested with the responsibility of training under-graduate students with entrepreneurship skills. It is in accordance with the directive of Federal Government which stipulates that entrepreneurship education must be included into the curriculum of university education in Nigeria. The intent is to imbue graduates with the mind set of entrepreneurship culture in order for them to generate and realize new opportunities in the economy.

The centre was established in July 11, 2011 following the appointment of its pioneer Coordinator in the name of Mal Usman Junaidu, while its office complex allocation was made on August 2, 2011. On December 30, 2011 Mal Usman Junaid handed over the affairs of the centre to Mal Mustapha Rasheed, as directed by the Vice Chancellor, and proceeded to Sudan on academic pursuit.

In June 2013, an Ag. Director in the name of Mal. Salele Iro, was appointed, in accordance with the National Universities Commission’s directive that all Entrepreneurship Centre should be headed by a Director, from the academics.


As earlier mentioned, the major mandate given to the centre is to train students on entrepreneurship skills according to Nigerian University Commission’s Benchmark (Minimum Academic Standard for Undergraduate Programmes in Nigerian Universities).

Activities started at the centre in March, 2012, (2011/ 2012 session), afterthe then Ag. Coordinator submitted a take-off plan for the commencement of the programme to the Vice- Chancellor, which he approved.

Implementation Strategy of the plan:

According to the takeoff plan, the programme began in 2011 / 2012 academic session, second semester, with levels 300 and 400 as the participants. It was ran as a non-credit earning course then, while emphasis was given on attendance, case study analysis, submission of business plan and visitations to some cottage industries and craft centre. At the end of the non- credit earning programme, which lasted for twelve weeks, certificates were awarded to students of the programme based on their attendance.

The credit- earning started with the then incoming 200 and 300levels.

Lectures and Venues:

Lectures were scheduled according to students’ population in their respective faculties / departments. Therefore students from each faculty were taught in their various faculty lecture theaters. Already, three major theaters at the various faculties together with that of students’ centre were identified for the purpose.

Resource Persons:

Resource persons were sourced within the University and also from other established organizations for the smooth take- off of this programme. Also the help of successful entrepreneurs were invited to share their experiences with the students.

Postgraduate programme commenced in 2011/2012 Academic Session after the approval by Senate and Council of Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Katsina as well as National Universities Commission (NUC).  The programme took off effectively in 2011/2012 session with 72 students comprising of 5 Ph.D, 59 Masters Degree and 8 PGDE.  This number increased to 116 in 2012/2013 Academic session with 3 Ph.D, 106 Masters Degree and 7 PGDE.  The number of candidates has since then steadily increased over the years.  In 2013/2014 session the number rose to 135 students with 106 Masters Degree and 29 Postgraduate Diploma students.

Professor A.R. Mohammed was appointed as the foundation Dean of the School with Yusuf El-Ladan as Deputy Dean while Ibrahim Wada Sani a Deputy Registrar was appointed as Secretary to the School.  Professor Atiku Garba Yahaya took over the Deanship from Professor A.R. Mohammed, Professor Aliyu Muhammad Bunza succeeded Professor A.G. Yahaya and presently, Professor Ibrahim Y. Sada is the Dean of the School, Dr. Jamilu Shehu Galadunchi is the Deputy Dean, while Hajiya Wasilat S. Saulawa a Deputy Registrar is the Secretary to the School.


  • Develop in graduate students the spirit and scientific enquiry through training and research.
  • Create an atmosphere of intellectual independence and individual creativity.
  • To train manpower in the areas that will stipulate socio-economic development of Nigerian.
  • Produce, skill manpower for the advancement of the Nation in sciences, social sciences and management sciences.
  • Ensure that staff and students of the school are ICT compliant.



Department of Education

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Education (PGDE)
  • M.Ed. Curriculum and Instruction
  • M.Ed. Educational Psychology
  • M.Ed. Educational Management
  • M.Sc. (Ed) Physics
  • M.Sc. (Ed) Mathematics
  • M.Sc. (Ed) Geography
  • M.Sc. (Ed) Chemistry
  • M.Sc. (Ed) Biology

Department of Library and Information Science

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Information and Record Management (PGDIRM)
  • Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS)


Department of Arabic

  • M.A Arabic
  • PhD Arabic

Department of Nigerian Languages (Hausa)

  • M.A Hausa    
  • PhD Hausa

Department of History and Security Studies

  • M.A History  
  • PhD History

Department of Islamic Studies

  • M.A Islamic Studies
  • PhD Islamic Studies

Department of English and French

  • M.A English


Department of Economics

  • M.Sc. Economics
  • PhD Economics


Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • M.Sc. Chemistry
  • PhD Chemistry

Department of Geography

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Resource Development (PGDRD)
  • Masters in Resource Development (MRD)
  • M.Sc. Geography      
  • PhD Geography

Department of Mathematics and Computer Science   

  • M.Sc. Mathematics
  • M.Sc. Computer Science  
  • PhD Mathematics
  • PhD Computer Science  

Department of Biology

  • M.Sc. Biology  

Department of Physics

  • M.Sc. Physics   

Department of Microbiology

  • M.Sc. Microbiology


  • Postgraduate Diploma (PGDE/PGDRD)               -            2   to  4     Semesters
  • Masters in Resource Development (MRD)                        2   to  4     Semesters
  • M.A/M.Ed./M.Sc./M.Sc.(Ed)                                 -         4   to  6     Semesters
  • PhD                                                                             6 to 10 Semesters




The following shall qualify for the Postgraduate Diploma admission:

  1. Graduates of recognized Universities;
  2. Holders of Higher National Diploma (HND) with a minimum of Lower Credit pass or its equivalent in relevant areas;
  3. Holders of Higher National Diploma (HND) without Education obtained at Credit level with a three years relevant postgraduate experience;
  4. Candidates who hold qualifications other than the above, which are acceptable to the Board of Postgraduate and Senate of the University.
  5. Candidates with Third Class degree in areas other than Education can be considered after three years relevant postgraduate experience. Those in the Education may be considered in their area of specialization;
  6. All candidates shall be subjected to a selection process.



     The following shall qualify for the Master’s Degree Programmes: -

  1. Graduates of recognized Universities who have obtained the approved Bachelors Degree in relevant field, with at least Second-Class Honors or its equivalent.
  2. Candidates who hold qualifications other than the ones listed above, which are acceptable to the Senate of the University. 

     The following shall qualify for Professional Masters’ degree admission:

  1. Graduates of recognized Universities who have obtained the approved Bachelors Degree in relevant field, with at least Second-Class Honors or its equivalent.
  2. Candidates with any Bachelor’s degree in Third Class division who have at least five years relevant working experience.
  3. Candidates who possess Higher National Diploma (HND) with at least a Credit pass and at least a Credit pass at Postgraduate Diploma of a recognized Institution;
  4. Candidates who hold qualifications other than the ones listed above, which are acceptable to the Senate of the University.  


The following shall qualify for the Doctor of Philosophy admission:

  1. Graduates of recognized Universities who have obtained a good Masters Degree appropriate to the proposed areas of study;
  2. Graduates of recognized Universities who have obtained Masters of Philosophy degree with considered high CGPA to proceed for PHD in the appropriate field to the proposed areas of study;
  3. In addition to (i) – (ii) above, a candidate must possess at least a Bachelors degree in Second Class lower division;
  4. Candidates who hold qualifications other than the above, which are acceptable to the Board of Postgraduate School and Senate of the University;
  5. Candidate must state the proposed area of research and submit a synopsis of not less than 500 words of the proposed topic of research.

Matriculation Requirement:

In addition to A, B and C above, a candidate must satisfy the University’s matriculation requirements of the programme i.e five Credit Passes at the O’level to include English and Mathematics.

Selection Process:

All candidates shall be subjected to a selection process.  There may be screening/entrance examination on a date which would be announced on the University Website (www.umyu.edu.ng). Candidates are therefore advised to check.




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